Ke nānā nei ʻoe i kēia manawa He aha ka Ethereum 2.0 a no ke aha he mea nui ia

He aha ka Ethereum 2.0 a no ke aha he mea nui ia

Ka manawa heluhelu: 6 minuke

I ka makahiki 2015 Ua komo ʻo Ethereum i ka ʻupena nui, hoʻonāukiuki i ka hoihoi a me ka pīhoihoi o kahi ʻāpana nui o ka honua hoʻomohala, a ʻo ka mea hoʻopukapuka pū kekahi. ʻO kā lākou mea i manaʻo ai e hoʻopalupalu i kekahi manawa e like me ka scalability a me nā pilikia palekana i hoʻomaka e hōʻike i ka protocol. Ua hoʻomaikaʻi ʻia ke code, a ʻaʻole kū iki ka hoʻomohala ʻana, akā ua maopopo koke i ka poʻe āpau e pono ana ʻo Ethereum i kahi hōʻano hou e hoʻokūkū ai i ka wā e hiki mai ana. e hoʻopau iā ia i ka wā e hiki mai ana: no laila ua hānau ʻia ʻo Ethereum 2.0, me ka inoa "code" Serenity.

Aloha kākou i nā mea nani a maikaʻi ʻole hoʻi. Inā ʻo kēia kou manawa mua e hele mai ai i aneʻi, ʻoluʻolu ʻoe.

Ma aneʻi, ma Cazoo, wehewehe mākou i nā papahana hoihoi loa o ka honua gigantic o nā cryptocurrency, kālailai i nā kumukūʻai a me nā hiʻohiʻona, ʻike i ke ʻano o ke kālepa ʻana a hana i ka loiloi loea holomua ma nā blockchains I ka pōkole, aia kekahi mea no nā ʻono āpau.

He puke ʻo Cazoo, kahi diary, kahi Moleskine o nā memo e ʻae iaʻu e hoʻopaʻanaʻau i kaʻu noiʻi ʻana. Ua hana wau ia ma ka pūnaewele, i ka lehulehu, no ka mea ʻo kaʻu mea i aʻo ai ua aʻo wale wau ma ka pūnaewele, a ma ka pūnaewele lawe wau iā ia me ka lana o ka manaʻolana hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻohana pū kekahi. Inā hiki, hauʻoli wau e pili ana.

E hele kāua e ʻike he aha ʻo Ethereum 2.0 a ʻike i nā kikoʻī hoihoi āpau.

Makemake anei ʻoe e kūʻai iā Ethereum? Inā hana ʻoe i kēia ma Binance, hoʻohana kēia loulou kuhikuhi: loaʻa iā ʻoe ka uku hoʻēmi kiʻekiʻe loa i loaʻa, 20%, ma nā komisina āpau, mau loa!

Ka papa o nā mea

ʻO ka wehewehe pōkole o Ethereum 2.0

ʻO Ethereum 2.0 Serenity, e like me ka mea i wehewehe ʻia e Preston Van Loon, kahi blockchain ʻokoʻa ma mua o ka Ethereum i kēia manawa e like me kā mākou e ʻike nei. I loko ona iho he hoʻomaikaʻi Ethereum ia, akā naʻe ʻaʻole ia e koi aku i kahi oʻo o ka kaulahao kumu.

Pehea ʻoe e hiki ai iā Ethereum 2.0? E waiho ʻia kahi waihona hoʻokahi o ʻEtera mai ka wā kahiko a hiki i ke kaulahao hou ma o Smart Contract. He hana hoʻokahi wale nō kēia, a ma hope e pau ka hoʻohana ʻana o ka ʻōnaehana hoʻoilina Ethereum.

E like me kaʻu i ʻōlelo ai i ka hoʻomaka, ua hana mua ʻo Ethereum i kekahi mau hoʻohou i alakaʻi iā ia e liʻiliʻi liʻiliʻi a hiki ke hoʻonui ʻia, ke kakali nei i ka hoʻokuʻu ʻia o Ethereum 2.0. He mau inoa kupaianaha ko kēia mau hoʻololi: Homestead March 2016, Metropolis Byzantium ʻOkakopa 2017, Metropolis Constantinople Pepeluali 2019, a me Istanbul Kekemapa 2019.

ʻO nā pilikia o Ethereum, kahi a Ethereum 2.0 e makemake ai e hoʻoponopono

Ua maopopo iā mākou ke kumu ma hope o ka loli: ʻo ka hoʻolālā o kēia manawa he nui a nui nā palena. ʻO ka algorithm Hōʻike o ka Hana a me nā ʻāpana ʻē aʻe o ka hoʻolālā ʻaʻole i hiki ke kū i ka koi o ka mea hoʻomohala.

ʻO kekahi o nā pilikia nui:

Scalability: he mea i ike maopopo ia o ka kamepiula honua (ke kumu nui o Buterin a me kāna hana Ethereum) lohi. I kēia manawa, ua uhi ʻia ka protocol me nā noi desentralized āpau (DAPPS) a me nā Smart Contract e holo nei i loko o ia mea. Ua hana ʻia kekahi mau hoʻomaikaʻi ma kēia alo, akā ua akāka ʻaʻole hiki i kahi poloka Proof of Work ke pale i ka noi.

e malu aiʻAʻole i loaʻa nā wāwahi palekana nui ma Ethereum, akā ʻike ʻia kekahi mau hoʻomaikaʻi e pono ai ke olakino o ka ʻōnaehana holoʻokoʻa. He pahuhopu kēia no Ethereum 2.0, ke manaʻo e hoʻokumu i kahi paepae ikaika hou aʻe.

Mīkini ʻike uila hou: ʻo kekahi o nā hana hou o Ethereum ka hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻana o kahi mīkini uila. ʻO kēia kahi e holo nei i nā ʻaelike akamai a hoʻolilo i ka loina i kahi kamepiula ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa. ʻO ka pilikia, lohi nō hoʻi kēia ʻāpana. He pilikia nui kēia no ka mea ʻo kēlā me kēia hana ma Ethereum e hoʻohou nei i ke kūlana honua o ka pūnaewele. I kēia manawa, ʻo ka EVM (Ethereum Virtual Machine) kahi ʻōmole i ka ʻōnaehana.

He aha ka mea e loli me Ethereum 2.0?

Ke hōʻike ʻia nā pilikia o Ethereum 1.0, hiki iā mākou ke nānā i nā hoʻomaikaʻi e lawe ʻia e Ethereum 2.0. E hoʻomanaʻo i kēia mau hoʻomaikaʻi i kahi pae holomua loa o ka hoʻolālā, ʻo ka hoʻomohala maoli, ʻoiai ua hoʻomaka kekahi hapa, akā e hiki mai ana.

Hōʻike o ke Kuhi: ʻO ka algorithm consensus-of-Stake algorithm ka hoʻololi nui loa e hele mai me Ethereum 2.0. Hoʻohana kēia mīkini pili ma kahi o ka uila ma ke ʻano o ke kūpono.

  • I kahi Proof of Work blockchain, ke kaulahao me kamana hash ʻo ke kiʻekiʻe ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi.
  • I kahi Proof of Stake blockchain, ke kaulahao me nā kumuwaiwai he nui loa i ka pili ʻo ia ka ʻoi loa.

Eia kekahi, lilo nā mea hōʻoia i kumu hou a pū kekahi nā mea hoʻolaha poloka. ʻO kēia nā mea hoʻohana i nakinaki ma ka liʻiliʻi 32 ETH. Hāʻawi kēia mau kumuwaiwai waiwai i ka mea hōʻoia e komo i kahi lotiri e koho ʻia ma ke ʻano he mea hana i ka palaka aʻe a hiki ke koi i kāna uku. Inā hele i waho kahi mea hōʻoia a hana hewa paha ʻoiai ʻo ia kahi ʻāpana hana o ka pūnaewele, e kāʻili ʻia kekahi o nā Ether a pau e lilo i mea hōʻoia.

KaʻainaʻO kekahi hoʻololi hou i ka ʻōnaehana ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā kaulahao ʻaoʻao i ʻike ʻia ʻalā. Ma mua ua ʻōlelo wau ʻo ka lohi o nā hana, ka pīhoihoi o ka pūnaewele, ʻo ia kekahi o nā pilikia nui o ka ʻōnaehana o kēia manawa. I loko o kāna hoʻolālā e kū nei me he mea lā ʻaʻohe hopena paʻa. No kēia kumu, ke hana nei i nā kaulahao liʻiliʻi ʻokoʻa (shards) i hiki ke hana me nā kālepa pākahi he manaʻo maikaʻi a me kahi hoʻomaikaʻi nui. Hana ʻo Polkadot i kēia mai kona wā i hānau ʻia ai.

He aha ka Ethereum 2.0 RoadMap

E like me Ethereum 1.0, E hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻo Ethereum 2.0 i ʻehā mau hanana:

  • ʻAnuʻu 0: ka hoʻōla o ka ʻōnaehana hōʻoia-o-pili hou (ʻike ʻia ʻo Casper) a me ka hoʻomohala ʻana o ka kikowaena kikowaena Ethereum 2.0 (i kapa ʻia ʻo Beacon Chain);
  • ʻOihana 1: pālākiō i nā hiki o Ethereum 2.0 ma ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana i ka pūnaewele i 64 blockchains (ʻike ʻia ʻo nā shard chain) e ʻae ai i ka pūnaewele e hana i nā ʻoihana hou aku;
  • Ka Papa 2: Hoʻonā i nā hiki o nā aelike akamai e ʻae ai i nā dApps e holo ma Ethereum 2.0, a hana i kahi alahaka ma waena o ka pūnaewele Ethereum kumu a me Ethereum 2.0; a ʻo ka hopena
  • KaʻAnuʻu 3: Wahi a ka mea hoʻokumu Ethereum ʻo Vitalik Buterin, kēia manawa e "hana maʻamau i nā mea ʻē aʻe a mākou e makemake ai e hoʻohui ke hoʻomaka mākou", akā e hoʻokipa maoli i ka loli o ka EVM (Ethereum Virtual Machine).

Papa 0: Hōʻoiaʻiʻo o ke kaulahao a me ke kaulahao Beacon

Hoʻonohonoho ʻia e hoʻokuʻu ʻia i 2020, ʻo ka Beacon Chain kahi hōʻoia o ka pūnaewele Stake i hoʻolālā ʻia e hana pū me Ethereum 1.0. E hoʻoneʻe wale ʻia inā 524.288 ma Ether i kau ʻia, a ma ka liʻiliʻi he 16.384 mau kiko i hoʻopaʻa inoa ʻia ma ke ʻano he mea hōʻoia. I ka manawa mua, ʻaʻole e loli nui ka Beacon Chain no ka hapa nui o nā mea hoʻohana. ʻAʻole hoʻokipa kēia pūnaewele iā Dapps a ʻaʻole e holo i nā ʻaelike akamai. E like kāna hana mua kahi papa inoa no nā mea hōʻoia a me kā lākou ʻāpana i loko o ka pūnaewele.

ʻAnuʻu 1: Sharding

Hoʻonohonoho ʻia kēia pae no hoʻokahi makahiki ma hope o ka pau ʻana o ka pae 0. Ma kēia pae, e ʻokiʻoki ʻia ka Ethereum 1.0 Chain hoʻokahi i mau ʻāpana liʻiliʻi i kapa ʻia nā shards. ʻO ka helu o nā shards i manaʻo ʻia he 64 i ka hoʻoili mua. He palupalu loa kēia pae: e ʻae ia e kuhikuhi i nā hana i nā kaulahao kūikawā kūikawā a ʻae hana ʻikepili kūlike.

Mokuna 2: Merger

I kēia manawa pono e hoʻokomo i ka hana kahiko Proof of Work i loko o ka pūnaewele hou e like me kekahi o nā shards, kekahi o nā kaulahao liʻiliʻi. No laila, me kēia pae i kēlā me kēia manawa ʻaʻole pono e hoʻololi i nā moʻolelo mai kekahi kaulahao i kekahi. E ola ka mōʻaukala hana o ke kaulahao PoW ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o Ethereum 2.0. Pono kēia e hana ma hope koke iho o ka pau ʻana o ka Phase 1.

Mokuna 3: EWASM

I kēia manawa, ma hope koke iho o ka hoʻohui ʻia ʻana o nā kaulahao ʻelua Ethereum 1.0 a me Ethereum 2.0, e hoʻololi ʻia ka mīkini ʻenehana ʻo Ethereum. ʻAʻole nui nā kikoʻī e pili ana i kēia kaʻina, akā e kapa ʻia ka mīkini uila hou ʻo Ethereum WebAss Assembly (EWASM), ʻoiai e hoʻokumu ʻia ia ma ka pūnaewele hui pūnaewele.

Me kēia hoʻohou, e paʻa ana ʻo Dapp hosting a me ka hoʻokō ʻana i ka ʻaelike akamai ma Ethereum 2.0. ʻO kēia ke hiki iā mākou ke hoʻokolokolo i ka hoʻohou i hoʻopau wale ʻia ke pau ʻole ʻo Ethereum i kēia kaʻina.

Lōʻihi a ʻōwili ʻia ke ala, akā ʻo nā māka o ka Ethereum 2.0 hou i hana i ka waha o ka wai he nui. E loli ka honua. ʻO kēia kahi hoʻohou nui e hoʻopōmaikaʻi ʻole i nā mea hoʻohana ʻo Ethereum wale nō, akā e hoʻouluulu hoʻi i ka ʻoihana holoʻokoʻa i ka wā e hiki mai ana.

Ka hopena ma ke kumukūʻai o ETH me ka hoʻohou o Ethereum 2.0

Manaʻo ka hapa nui he hiki i Ethereum ke hopu a ʻoi aku iā Bitcoin. Manaʻo wau pū kekahi. ʻO kēia ka hoʻonui ʻana i kāna waiwai o 20 mau manawa ... ma ke ala:

Makemake ʻoe e ʻike maikaʻi aʻe pehea e hana ai ka hoʻēmi?

Hiki iā ʻoe ke heluhelu ma aneʻi pehea e hoʻonui i ka uku hoʻēmi ma Binance.