Pano mukuwona Kodi Ethereum 2.0 ndi chiyani ndipo chifukwa chake ndizofunikira kwambiri

Kodi Ethereum 2.0 ndi chifukwa chiyani ili yofunikira kwambiri

Nthawi yowerengera: 6 minuti

Liti mu 2015 Ethereum walowa muukonde waukulu, adadzutsa chidwi ndi chisangalalo cha gawo lalikulu la opanga mapulogalamu, komanso nawonso omwe amagulitsa ndalama. Ziyembekezero zawo zimayenera kuchepa popeza kusakhazikika ndi zovuta zachitetezo zimayamba kuwonekera mu protocol. Zosintha zidapangidwa mu code, ndipo chitukuko sichinayime, koma posakhalitsa zidadziwika kwa onse kuti Ethereum ikufunika kukonzanso kotheratu kuti izapikisane mtsogolo. kuti ikwaniritsidwe mtsogolo: motero Ethereum 2.0 adabadwa, ndi dzina loti "khodi" yake Serenity.

Moni kwa aliyense wokongola komanso wosakongola. Ngati aka ndi koyamba kubwera kuno, mwalandilidwa.

Pano, ku Cazoo, tikufotokozera ntchito zosangalatsa kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi za ma cryptocurrensets, kusanthula mitengo ndi mawonekedwe, kupeza zoyambira zamalonda ndikuwunikanso ukadaulo wapamwamba pa blockchains. Mwachidule, pali china chilichonse pa zokonda zonse.

Cazoo ndi buku, diary, Moleskine wazolemba zomwe zimandilola kuloweza kafukufuku wanga. Ndidachita pa intaneti, pagulu, chifukwa zomwe ndidaphunzira ndangophunzira pa intaneti, ndipo pa intaneti ndimazibwezeretsa ndikuyembekeza kuti mutha kuzigwiritsanso ntchito. Ngati zitero, ndine wokondwa nazo.

Tiyeni tiwone chomwe Ethereum 2.0 ndi kuti mudziwe zonse zosangalatsa.

Kodi mukufuna kale kugula Ethereum? Ngati mungachite izi pa Binance, gwiritsani ntchito kulumikizana uku: muli ndi kuchotsera kwakukulu kwambiri, 20%, pamakomishoni onse, kwanthawizonse!

Kufotokozera mwachidule kwa Ethereum 2.0

Ethereum 2.0 Serenity, monga a Preston Van Loon, ndi blockchain yosiyana ndi Ethereum yapano monga tikudziwira. Mwa iyo yokha ndikusintha kwa Ethereum, komwe sikufuna mphanda wolimba wa unyolo woyambirira.

Kodi mungapeze bwanji Ethereum 2.0? Adzapereka ndalama imodzi ya Ether kuyambira wakale mpaka unyolo watsopano kudzera mu Smart Contracts. Uwu ukhala ulendo wopita mbali imodzi, pambuyo pake kugwiritsa ntchito cholowa cha Ethereum kuyenera kutha.

Monga ndidanenera koyambirira, Ethereum adasinthidwa kale zina zomwe zidapangitsa kuti zizikhala zochepa komanso zowopsa, makamaka poyembekezera kutulutsidwa kwa Ethereum 2.0. Kusintha kumeneku kuli ndi mayina ochititsa chidwi: Kunyumba kwa Marichi 2016, Metropolis Byzantium Okutobala 2017, Metropolis Constantinople February 2019, ndi Istanbul Disembala 2019.

Mavuto a Ethereum, omwe Ethereum 2.0 akufuna kuthana nawo

Tikumvetsetsa chifukwa chomwe zasinthira: kamangidwe kamakono kali ndi zoperewera zambiri. Ma algorithm Umboni wa Ntchito ndipo magawo ena amangidwe sanathenso kuthana ndi zofunikira za opanga mapulogalamu.

Ena mwa mavuto akulu ndi awa:

Kusasintha: ndichodziwika kuti kompyuta yapadziko lonse lapansi (cholinga chachikulu cha Buterin ndi chilengedwe chake cha Ethereum) akuchedwa. Pakadali pano, pulogalamuyo yadzaza ndi ntchito zonse zantchito (DAPPS) ndi Smart Contracts zomwe zikuzungulira. Zosintha zina zidapangidwa kutsogolo, koma zinawonekeratu kuti Proof of Work blockchain sinathe kuthana ndi kufunikira.

chitetezoSipanakhalepo kuphwanya kulikonse kwachitetezo ku Ethereum, koma zosintha zina zimadziwika kuti zipindule ndi dongosolo lonselo. Ichi ndi cholinga cha Ethereum 2.0, yomwe cholinga chake ndi kukhazikitsa nsanja yolimba kwambiri.

Makina atsopano: imodzi mwazinthu zazikulu kwambiri za Ethereum inali kutulutsidwa kwa makina enieni. Ili ndiye gawo lomwe limayendetsa mapangano anzeru ndipo amapanga pulogalamuyo kukhala kompyuta yapadziko lonse lapansi. Vuto ndiloti gawo ili ndilochedwa kwambiri. Ili ndi vuto lalikulu chifukwa zochitika zilizonse ku Ethereum zimasinthitsa mawonekedwe apadziko lonse lapansi. Pakadali pano, EVM (Ethereum Virtual Machine) ndi botolo m'dongosolo.

Zidzasintha chiyani ndi Ethereum 2.0?

Mavuto a Ethereum 1.0 atangotchulidwa, titha kuwona zomwe Ethereum 2.0 idzabweretse. Kumbukirani kuti kusintha kumeneku kuli patsogolo kwambiri pakukonzekera, chitukuko chenicheni, ngakhale kuti mwina chidayamba kale, chikubwerabe.

Umboni Wokamba: Ma algorithm a Proof-of-Stake ndiosintha kwakukulu kubwera ndi Ethereum 2.0. Njirayi imagwiritsa ntchito thunthu m'malo mwa magetsi ngati njira yovomerezeka.

  • Mu Procha of Work blockchain, unyolo wokhala ndimphamvu ya hashi kukwera bwino.
  • Mu Umboni wa Stake blockchain, unyolo wokhala ndi zinthu zambiri pangozi ndibwino kwambiri.

Kuphatikiza apo, ovomerezeka amakhala gwero latsopano komanso kuletsa ofalitsa. Awa ndi ogwiritsa ntchito omwe amanga pafupifupi 32 ETH. Kusunga chuma kumeneku kumapangitsa wovomerezekayo kuti alowe mu loti kuti asankhidwe ngati wopanga gawo lotsatira kuti athe kulandira mphotho zake. Ngati ovomerezeka atuluka pa intaneti kapena akuchita zachinyengo pomwe ili gawo logwira ntchito pa netiweki, ena kapena onse a Ether omwe amakhala ovomerezeka adzachotsedwa.

Kuchititsa manyaziKusintha kwina kwakukulu m'dongosolo ndikugwiritsa ntchito maunyolo ammbali omwe amadziwika kuti wamatsenga. M'mbuyomu ndinanena kuti kuchepa kwa zochitika, kuchuluka kwa ma netiweki, ndi limodzi mwamavuto akulu amakono. M'mapangidwe ake omwe akuwoneka kuti palibe yankho lokhazikika. Pachifukwa ichi, kupanga tcheni tating'onoting'ono tomwe titha kuthana ndi malonda ndi lingaliro labwino komanso kusintha kwakukulu. Polkadot wakhala akuchita izi kuyambira atabadwa.

Ethereum 2.0 RoadMap ndi chiyani

Monga Ethereum 1.0, Ethereum 2.0 idzayambitsidwanso magawo anayi:

  • Gawo 0: kukhazikitsidwa kwa njira yatsopano yotsimikizira (ya Casper) ndikukhazikitsa pakati pa Ethereum 2.0 blockchain (yotchedwa Beacon Chain);
  • Gawo 1: onjezerani kuthekera kwa Ethereum 2.0 pogawa netiweki mu blockchains 64 (yotchedwa ma shard chain) yomwe ingalole kuti netiweki ipange zochitika zambiri;
  • Gawo 2: Yambitsani kuthekera kwamapangano anzeru omwe angalole dApps kuyendetsa pa Ethereum 2.0, ndikupanga mlatho pakati pa netiweki yoyamba ya Ethereum ndi Ethereum 2.0; ndipo potsiriza
  • Gawo 3: Malinga ndi woyambitsa Ethereum Vitalik Buterin, gawoli likhala "kuchita zinthu zina zomwe tikufuna kuwonjezera tikangoyamba", koma zithandizira kusintha kwa EVM (Ethereum Virtual Machine).

Gawo 0: Umboni Wokhudzidwa Pamtengo ndi Beacon

Chokonzekera kutulutsidwa mu 2020, Beacon Chain ndi Proof of Stake network yomwe ikukonzekera kugwira ntchito limodzi ndi Ethereum 1.0. Idzayambitsidwa kokha ngati 524.288 ku Ether idakhazikika, ndipo ma 16.384 node adalembetsa ngati ovomerezeka. Poyamba, Bokosi la Beacon silikhala kusintha kwakukulu kwa ogwiritsa ntchito ambiri. Ma netiwekiwa sadzalandira Dapps ndipo sadzayendetsa mapangano anzeru. Ntchito yake yoyamba idzakhala ngati kaundula wa ovomerezeka ndi gawo lawo mkati mwa netiweki.

Gawo 1: Kugwedeza

Gawoli lakonzedwa chaka chimodzi pambuyo pomaliza Gawo 0. Mugawo lino, unyolo umodzi wa Ethereum 1.0 udulidwa muzinthu zazing'ono zotchedwa shards. Chiwerengero cha ma shards ndi 64 pakuyamba koyamba. Gawoli ndi losakhwima kwambiri: limalola kuwongolera zochitika m'maketani apadera ndikuloleza processing deta yofananira.

Gawo 2: Kuphatikiza

Pakadali pano makina akale a Proof of Work akuyenera kuphatikizidwa ndi netiweki yatsopano ngati imodzi mwazinthu zazing'ono. Zotsatira zake, ndi gawoli nthawi iliyonse sipadzakhala kufunika kosamutsa zolemba kuchokera unyolo wina kupita ku wina. Mbiri yakugulitsa kwa unyolo wa PoW idzapitilirabe ngati gawo la Ethereum 2.0. Izi zikuyenera kuchitika posachedwa Gawo 1.

Gawo 3: EWASM

Pachigawo chino, patangotha ​​maunyolo awiri a Ethereum 1.0 ndi Ethereum 2.0, makina a Ethereum Virtual adzasinthidwa. Palibe zambiri zokhudzana ndi gawoli, koma makina atsopanowo azitchedwa Ethereum WebAssembly (EWASM), chifukwa zitha kutengera mtundu wamisonkhano yapaintaneti.

Ndikusintha uku, kuchititsa kuti Dapp igwire bwino ntchito ndikuchita bwino ku Ethereum 2.0. Izi zikutanthauza kuti tidzatha kuweruza zomwe zatsirizidwa pokhapokha Ethereum asanamalize gawoli.

Mseu ndi wautali komanso wokhotakhota, koma kuthekera kwa Ethereum 2.0 yatsopano kwapangitsa pakamwa kukhala madzi ambiri. Dziko lisintha. Ichi ndi chosintha chachikulu chomwe sichingopindulitsa ogwiritsa ntchito a Ethereum okha, komanso chithandizanso kuti ntchito yonseyo mtsogolo.

Zotsatira pamtengo wa ETH ndikusintha kwa Ethereum 2.0

Ambiri amakhulupirira kuti Ethereum amatha kuthana ndi Bitcoin. Inenso ndimaganiza choncho. Izi zitha kutanthauza kuwonjezeka kwamtengo wake nthawi makumi awiri ... mwa njira:

Mukufuna kumvetsetsa bwino momwe kuchotsera kumagwirira ntchito?

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