Hashrate

Nthawi yowerengera: 2 minuti

Mawu akuti hash rate amatanthauza kuthamanga komwe kompyuta imatha kuwerengera mwachangu.

Potengera ma Bitcoin ndi ma cryptocurrensets, chiwongolero cha hash chikuyimira kugwiranso ntchito bwino kwa makina amigodi: hashrate imatanthauzira momwe zida zamigodi zimagwirira ntchito mwachangu zikafuna kuwerengera za block yolondola.
Ingoganizirani izi: njira yakubowola migodi imakhudza zoyesayesa zingapo zosapumira, mpaka atapanga hashi yoyenera. Chifukwa chake mgodi wa Bitcoin akuyenera kuyendetsa gulu la zidziwitso kudzera pa ntchito ya hashi kuti apange hashi, ndipo zimatheka kokha ngati hashi yokhala ndi phindu linalake (hashi yomwe imayambira ndi nambala ya zero) yapangidwa.

Chifukwa chake, liwiro la hashi ndilofanana molingana ndi phindu la wogwira ntchito kapena dziwe la ogwira ntchito m'migodi. A mlingo wapamwamba wa hashi zikutanthauza kuti mwayi wopeza chipika ndiwokwera ndipo chifukwa chake mgodiyo ali ndi mwayi wabwino wolandila mphothoyo.

Mtengo wa hash (chulukitsa) imayesedwa ndi hashes pamphindi (h / s) limodzi ndi manambala oyambira padziko lonse lapansi, monga Mega, Ggiga, kapena Tera. Mwachitsanzo, netiweki ya blockchain yomwe imakhala ndi ma trilioni amodzi pakamphindi imakhala ndi hasi ya 1 Th / s.

Mlingo wa hashi wa Bitcoin udafika 1 Th / s mu 2011, ndi 1.000 Th / s mu 2013. Kumayambiriro kwa netiweki, ogwiritsa ntchito amatha kupanga ma block atsopano pogwiritsa ntchito makompyuta awo ndi makadi ojambula. Koma popanga zida zapadera za migodi (yotchedwa Miner ASIC: Application-Specific Integrated Circuit), liwiro la hash lidayamba kukulirakulira mwachangu, ndikupangitsa kuti zovuta zamigodi ziwonjezeke. Chifukwa chake, makompyuta anu ndi makadi azithunzi salinso oyenerera migodi ya Bitcoin. Mtengo wa hashi wa Bitcoin udapitilira 1.000.000 Th / s mu 2016, ndipo 10.000.000 Th / s mu 2017. Kuyambira Julayi 2019, netiweki ikuyenda pafupifupi 67.500.000 Th / s.