Ngoku ujonge Yintoni i-Ethereum 2.0 kwaye kutheni ibaluleke kakhulu

Yintoni i-Ethereum 2.0 kwaye kutheni ibaluleke kangaka

Ixesha lokufunda: 6 imizuzu

Nini ngo-2015 U-Ethereum ungene kumnatha ophambili, ivuse umdla kunye nemincili yenxalenye enkulu yehlabathi yonjiniyela, kwaye kunjalo nabatyali mali. Okulindelweyo kuye kwanyanzeleka ukuba ithambe ngandlel 'ithile njengoko imeko yokungazinzi kunye nemicimbi yezokhuseleko iqale ukubonakala kwiprotocol. Uphuculo lwenziwe kwikhowudi, kwaye uphuhliso aluzange lume, kodwa kungekudala kwacaca kubo bonke ukuba i-Ethereum ifuna ukulungiswa ngokupheleleyo ukuze ikwazi ukukhuphisana kwixa elizayo. ukuba igqitywe kwikamva: yiyo loo nto uEthereum 2.0 wazalwa, enegama "lekhowudi" yalo enguSerenity.

Molweni nonke nihle kwaye mbi. Ukuba eli lixesha lokuqala ukuza apha, wamkelekile.

Apha, eCazoo, sichaza ezona projekthi zinomdla kwihlabathi elikhulu lee-cryptocurrensets, sihlalutya amaxabiso kunye neempawu, sifumanisa iziseko zorhwebo kwaye senze uhlalutyo lobuchwephesha kwii-blockchains. Ngamafutshane, kukho into yazo zonke izinto ozithandayo.

ICazoo yincwadi, idayari, iMaleskine yamanqaku endivumela ukuba ndinkqaye uphando lwam. Ndiyenzile kwiwebhu, esidlangalaleni, kuba into endiyifundileyo ndiyifunde nje kwiwebhu, kwaye kwiwebhu ndiyibuyisa ngethemba lokuba ungayisebenzisa nawe. Ukuba iyenzeka, ndonwabile ngayo.

Masijonge ukuba yintoni i-Ethereum 2.0 kwaye ufumane zonke iinkcukacha ezinomdla.

Ngaba sele ufuna ukuthenga i-Ethereum? Ukuba wenza oku kwiBinance, sebenzisa eli khonkco lokuthumela: unesona saphulelo siphezulu sikhoyo, iipesenti ezingama-20, kuzo zonke iikhomishini, kwisemper nganye!

Inkcazo emfutshane ye-Ethereum 2.0

Ukuzola kwe-Ethereum 2.0, njengoko kuchaziwe nguPreston Van Loon, ibhlokhi eyahlukileyo kune-Ethereum yangoku njengoko sisazi. Kukodwa luphuculo lwe-Ethereum, nangona kunjalo ayizukufuna ifolokhwe enzima ye ikhonkco lokuqala.

Uya kukwazi njani ukufikelela kwi-Ethereum 2.0? Kuya kwenziwa idiphozithi Lump sum kaEther ukusuka kwindala ukuya kwityathanga elitsha ngezivumelwano zeSmart. Oku kuya kuba yindlela enye yokuthengiselana, emva koko ukusetyenziswa kwenkqubo ye-Ethereum yelifa kufuneka kuyeke.

Njengoko benditshilo ekuqaleni, u-Ethereum sele efumene uhlaziyo olukhokelele ekubeni lungabinangxinano kwaye lunobungozi ngakumbi, ngokuchanekileyo ngokulindela ukukhutshwa kwe-Ethereum 2.0. Olu tshintsho lunamagama amangalisayo: Indlu yekhaya ngo-Matshi 2016, iMetropolis yaseByzantium ngo-Okthobha ka-2017, iMetropolis iConstantinople ngoFebruwari 2019, kunye neIstanbul ngoDisemba 2019

Iingxaki ze-Ethereum, ethi i-Ethereum 2.0 ifuna ukusombulula

Siyasiqonda isizathu sotshintsho: uyilo lwangoku lunemida emininzi, emininzi kakhulu. Ialgorithm Ubungqina Bomsebenzi kunye nezinye iinxalenye zokwakha azikaze zikwazi ukujongana neemfuno zonjiniyela.

Ezinye zeengxaki eziphambili zezi:

Ukwahluka: yinyaniso eyaziwayo ukuba ikhompyuter yehlabathi (eyona nto kugxilwe kuyo nguButerin kunye nendalo yakhe ye-Ethereum) iyacotha. Okwangoku, umthetho olandelwayo uxatyisiwe zizicelo zonke ezisasazwayo (DAPPS) kunye nezivumelwano zeSmart ezisebenza kuyo. Olunye uphuculo lwenziwe ngaphambili, kodwa kwacaca ukuba isiQinisekiso soMsebenzi se-blockchain asinakho ukumelana nemfuno.

yokhuselekoAkuzange kubekho nakuphi na ukophuka okubalulekileyo e-Ethereum, kodwa ezinye izinto eziphuculweyo ziyaziwa ukuba ziyaxhamla impilo kuyo yonke le nkqubo. Le yinjongo ye-Ethereum 2.0, ejolise ekwenzeni iqonga elinamandla ngakumbi.

Umatshini omtsha obonakalayo: Enye yezinto ezinkulu ze-Ethereum yayikukukhutshwa komatshini obonakalayo. Le yinxalenye eqhuba iikhontrakthi ezifanelekileyo kwaye yenza umthetho olandelwayo ube likhompyuter kwihlabathi liphela. Ingxaki kukuba le nxalenye icotha kakhulu. Le yingxaki enkulu kuba yonke intengiselwano e-Ethereum ihlaziya imeko yelizwe yenethiwekhi. Okwangoku, i-EVM (i-Ethereum Virtual Machine) yibhotile kwinkqubo.

Yintoni eza kutshintsha nge-Ethereum 2.0?

Nje ukuba iingxaki ze-Ethereum 1.0 zichazwe, sinokujonga ukuba zeziphi izinto eziza kuphuculwa yi-Ethereum 2.0. Gcina ukhumbula ukuba olu phuculo lukwinqanaba eliphambili kakhulu lokucwangcisa, olona phuhliso, nangona ngokuyinxenye sele luqalisile, alusayi kuza.

Ubungqina bentsika: Ubungqina be-Stake isivumelwano se-algorithm lolona tshintsho lukhulu ukuza ne-Ethereum 2.0. Le ndlela isebenzisa yesibonda endaweni yombane njengenyathelo lokusebenza ngokusemthethweni.

  • KwisiQinisekiso soMsebenzi se-blockchain, ikhonkco kunyehash amandla phezulu ngcono.
  • Kubungqina beStake blockchain, ikhonkco kunye nezixhobo ezininzi esesichengeni yeyona ilungileyo.

Ngapha koko, abagunyazisi baba ngumthombo omtsha kananjalo block abasasazi. Aba ngabasebenzisi ababophe ubuncinci i-32 ETH. Ukugcinwa kwezixhobo kuvumela isiqinisekisi ukuba singene kwilottery ukuze sikhethwe njengomakhi webhloko elandelayo kwaye ke sibenakho ukubanga imivuzo yakhe. Ukuba isigunyaziso sihamba ngaphandle kweintanethi okanye senza ngokunganyaniseki ngelixa liyinxalenye esebenzayo yenethiwekhi, ezinye okanye zonke i-Ether ezisetyenziselwa ukuba sisemthethweni ziya kuhluthwa kuyo.

UkugcobaOlunye utshintsho olukhulu kwinkqubo kukusetyenziswa kwamatyathanga asecaleni aziwa njenge iqhekeza. Kwangoko benditshilo ukuba ukucotha kwentengiselwano, ukuxinana kwenethiwekhi, yenye yeengxaki eziphambili zenkqubo yangoku. Kuyilo lwayo esele lukhona kubonakala ngathi akukho sisombululo siqinisekileyo. Ngesi sizathu, ukudala amakhonkco amancinci amancinci (i-shards) anokujongana nokuthengiswa komntu ngumbono omnandi kunye nophuculo olubalulekileyo. IPolkadot ibisenza oko oko yazalwa.

Yintoni i-Ethereum 2.0 RoadMap

Njengo-Ethereum 1.0, i-Ethereum 2.0 iya kuphehlelelwa ngokwamanqanaba amane:

  • Isigaba 0: ukumiliselwa kwenkqubo entsha yobungqina bendawo (eyaziwa ngokuba yiCasper) kunye nophuhliso lwe-Ethereum 2.0 blockchain (ebizwa ngokuba yiBeacon Chain);
  • Isigaba 1: ukukala amandla e-Ethereum 2.0 ngokwahlula inethiwekhi kwii-blockchains ezingama-64 (ezaziwa njengeetyathanga zentsimbi) eziya kuthi zivumele uthungelwano ukuba lusebenze ngakumbi ukuthengiselana;
  • Isigaba 2: Nika amandla amandla eekhontrakthi ezifanelekileyo eziya kuthi zivumele ii -apps ukuba zisebenze kwi-Ethereum 2.0, kwaye yenze ibhulorho phakathi kwenethiwekhi yoqobo ye-Ethereum kunye ne-Ethereum 2.0; kwaye ekugqibeleni
  • Isigaba 3: Ngokomsunguli we-Ethereum uVitalik Buterin, eli nqanaba liza kuba "ngokusisiseko lenze ezinye izinto esifuna ukuzongeza xa sele siqalisile", kodwa okunene luza kubamba utshintsho lwe-EVM (Umatshini we-Ethereum Virtual).

Isigaba 0: Ubungqina beStake kunye neBeacon Chain

Isacwangciselwe ukuba ikhutshwe ngo-2020, i-Beacon Chain sisiQinisekiso senethiwekhi yeStake ecwangciselwe ukusebenza ecaleni kwe-Ethereum 1.0. Iya kuphehlelelwa kuphela ukuba ama-524.288 e-Ether abekiwe, kwaye ubuncinci iindawo ezingama-16.384 zibhalisiwe njengeziqinisekisayo. Ekuqaleni, i-Beacon Chain ayizukutshintsha kakhulu kubasebenzisi abaninzi. Le nethiwekhi ayizukubamba iiDapps kwaye ayizukuqhuba iikhontrakthi ezifanelekileyo. Umsebenzi wayo ophambili uya kufana irejista yokuqinisekisa kwaye isahlulo sabo ngaphakathi kwenethiwekhi.

Isigaba 1: Ukwehliswa

Eli nqanaba licwangciselwe unyaka omnye emva kokugqitywa kweSigaba 0. Kwesi sigaba, i-Ethereum 1.0 Chain iyakusikwa ibe ziincinci ezincinci ezibizwa ngokuba zii-shards. Inani elilindelekileyo le-shards ngama-64 kusungulo lokuqala. Eli nqanaba licekeceke kakhulu: liya kuvumela ukuhambisa ngokuthe ngqo ukuthengiselana kwimixokelelwane ekhethekileyo kwaye ivumele Ukulungiswa kwedatha ngokufanayo.

Isigaba 2: Ukudibana

Okwangoku indlela yobungqina bomsebenzi yakudala kufuneka ibandakanywe kwinethiwekhi entsha njengenye yee-shards, enye yeetyathanga. Ngenxa yoko, kwesi sigaba ngawo nawuphi na umzuzu akusayi kubakho mfuneko yokugqithisa iirekhodi ukusuka kwelinye ikhonkco ukuya kwelinye. Imbali yentengiselwano yetyathanga le-PoW iya kuhlala njengenxalenye ye-Ethereum 2.0. Oku kufuneka kwenzeke kungekudala emva kokugqitywa kweSigaba 1.

Isigaba 3: EWASM

Kwesi sigaba, kungekudala emva kokuba i-Ethereum 1.0 kunye ne-Ethereum 2.0 zidityanisiwe, umatshini we-Ethereum Virtual uza kutshintshwa. Akukho zinkcukacha zininzi ngokubhekisele kweli nqanaba, kodwa umatshini omtsha obonakalayo uza kubizwa ngokuba yi-Ethereum WebAssembly (EWASM), kuba iya kusekelwa kwifomathi yeNdibano yewebhu.

Ngolu hlaziyo, ukusingathwa kwe-Dapp kunye nokuphunyezwa kwekhontrakthi ehlakaniphileyo kuya kuguquka ngokupheleleyo kwi-Ethereum 2.0. Oku kuthetha ukuba siya kuba nakho ukugweba uhlaziyo olugqityiweyo kuphela xa u-Ethereum engaligqibanga eli nqanaba.

Indlela inde kwaye ijikelezisa, kodwa amandla e-Ethereum 2.0 amatsha enza umlomo wamanzi uninzi. Umhlaba uza kutshintsha. Olu luhlaziyo oluphambili olungayi kuxhamla kuphela abasebenzisi be-Ethereum, kodwa luya kuxhasa umzi mveliso uphela kwikamva.

Impembelelo kwixabiso le-ETH ngohlaziyo lwe-Ethereum 2.0

Uninzi lukholelwa ukuba i-Ethereum iyakwazi ukubamba kwaye igqithe iBitcoin. Ndicinga njalo nam. Oku kungathetha ukonyuka kwexabiso lamaxesha angama-20 ... ngendlela:

Ufuna ukuqonda ngcono sisebenza njani isaphulelo?

Unokufunda apha ukuba njani yenza uninzi lwesaphulelo kwiBinance.