Hashrate

Ixesha lokufunda: 2 imizuzu

Ixesha le-hash libhekisa kwisantya apho ikhompyuter ikwaziyo ukwenza ukubala ngokukhawuleza.

Kwimeko ye-Bitcoin kunye ne-cryptocurrensets, inqanaba le-hash limele ukusebenza ngokukuko kunye nokusebenza komatshini wokumbiwa kwemigodi: i-hashrate ichaza ukuba zisebenza ngokukhawuleza kangakanani izixhobo zembiwa xa zizama ukubala i-hash yebhloko esebenzayo.
Khawufane ucinge oku: inkqubo yezemigodi ibandakanya amawaka eenzame zokungaphumeleli, de kube kuveliswe i-hash esemthethweni. Ke umgadi weBitcoin ufuna ukuqhuba iqela ledatha ngomsebenzi we-hash ukuvelisa i-hash, kwaye uya kuphumelela kuphela xa i-hash enexabiso elithile (i-hash eqala ngenani elithile le-zeros) yenziwe.

Ke ngoko, ireyithi ye-hash ilingane ngokuthe ngqo kwinzuzo yomgodi okanye iphuli yemigodi. A Izinga eliphezulu le-hash kuthetha ukuba amathuba okufumana ibhloko aphezulu kwaye ngenxa yoko umgodini unethuba elingcono lokufumana umvuzo webhloko.

Ixabiso le-hash (khawuleza) ilinganiswa nge-hashes ngomzuzwana (h / s) kunye nesimaphambili senkqubo yamanye amazwe, efana neMega, Ggiga, okanye iTera. Umzekelo, inethiwekhi ye-blockchain eyenza i-trillion enye ngokukhawuleza ngomzuzu iya kuba nenqanaba le-hash ye-1 Th / s.

Ireyithi ye-hashi yeBitcoin yafikelela kwi-1 Th / s ngo-2011, kunye ne-1.000 Th / s ngo-2013. Kumanqanaba okuqala omnatha, abasebenzisi babenokumba iibhloko ezintsha basebenzise iikhompyuter zabo kunye namakhadi emizobo. Kodwa ngokudalwa kwezixhobo zemigodi ezizodwa (ezaziwa ngokuba yiMiner ASIC: Isicelo-esiQhelekileyo esiHlangeneyo seSekethe), ireyithi ye-hash iqale ukwanda ngokukhawuleza okukhulu, ibangela ukuba ubunzima bezemigodi bonyuke. Yiyo loo nto iikhompyuter zakho kunye namakhadi emizobo engasasebenzi kwimigodi yeBitcoin. Ireyithi ye-hashi yeBitcoin igqithile kwi-1.000.000 Th / s ngo-2016, kunye ne-10.000.000 Th / s ngo-2017. Ukusukela ngoJulayi 2019, uthungelwano luqhuba malunga ne-67.500.000 Th / s.